Keca JM, Chen J, Overchuk M, Muhanna N, MacLaughlin CM, Jin CS, Foltz WD, Irish JC & Zheng G
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2016
The discovery and synthesis of novel multifunctional organic building blocks for nanoparticles is challenging. Texaphyrin macrocycles are capable and multifunctional chelators. However, they remain elusive as building blocks for nanoparticles because of the difficulty associated with synthesis of texaphyrin constructs capable of self-assembly. A novel manganese (Mn)-texaphyrin-phospholipid building block is described, along with its one-pot synthesis and self-assembly into a Mn-nanotexaphyrin. This nanoparticle possesses strong resilience to manganese dissociation, structural stability, in vivo bio-safety, and structure-dependent T1 and T2 relaxivities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast enhanced visualization of lymphatic drainage is demonstrated with respect to proximal lymph nodes on the head and neck VX-2 tumors of a rabbit. Synthesis of 17 additional metallo-texaphyrin building blocks suggests that this novel one-pot synthetic procedure for nanotexaphyrins may lead to a wide range of applications in the field of nanomedicines.