Cressey P, Abuillan W, Ibrahim N, Alhoussein J, Konovalov O, Zheng G, Makky A
Lipid-porphyrin conjugates are versatile compounds which can self-assemble into liposome-like structures with multifunctional properties. Most of the conjugates that have been described so far, consisted in grafting pyropheophorbide-a (Pyro-a) or other porphyrin derivatives through the esterification of the hydroxyl group in the sn-2 position of a lysophosphatidylcholine. However, despite the versatility of these conjugates, less is known about the impact of the lipid backbone structure on their 2D phase behavior at the air/water interface and more precisely on their fine structures normal to the interface as well as on their in-plane organization. Herein, we synthesized a new lipid-porphyrin conjugate (PyroLSM) based on the amide coupling of Pyro-a to a lysosphingomyelin backbone (LSM) and we compared its interfacial behavior to that of Pyro-a and Pyro-a conjugated lysophosphatidylcholine (PyroLPC) using Langmuir balance combined to a variety of other physical techniques. Our results provided evidence on the significant impact of the lipid backbone on the lateral packing of the conjugates as well as on the shape and size of the formed domains. Compared to Pyro-a and PyroLPC monolayers, PyroLSM exhibited the highest lateral packing which highlights the role of the lipid backbone in controlling their 2D organization which in turn may impact the photophysical properties of their assemblies.